Black Holes BV

 
 
Home Mission statement Services Project expertise Career & bio Gallery Contact Search

 

Academic biography

Education

University of Leiden, The Netherlands

  • Responsions in History (additional courses: West-European Expansion, Theory of International Relations): October 1981
  • Doctoral in Modern History (additional courses: Economy, History of Political Theories, International Law): July 1986
  • Courses International Institutional Law, European Community Law and Human Rights Law, Fall 1986
  • Doctorate International Space Law, September 1998

 

Honours and distinctions

  • Honourable Mention, Space Essay Contest, World Bar Association, Englewood ( Colorado), May 1995
  • Distinguished Service Award of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL) of the International Astronautical Federation (IAF), Vancouver, October 2004
  • Honorary Professor, Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar, 2004-onwards
  • Social Science Award of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), Valencia, October 2006
  • Harvey and Susan Perlman Alumni / Othmer Chair of Space Law, Lincoln, 2008-onwards
  • 2015 Social Science Book Award, International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), for the Handbook of Space Law, Jerusalem, October 2015

 

Doctorate supervisions

  • T.C. Brisibe, International Law and Regulations of Aeronautical Public Correspondence by Satellite, defended Leiden, November 2006
  • G.M. Goh, Dispute Settlement in International Space Law – A Multi-Door Courthouse for Outer Space, defended Leiden, April 2007
  • F. Tronchetti, The Exploitation of Natural Resources of the Moon and other Celestial Bodies, defended Leiden, December 2008
  • A. Voronina, The How’s and Why’s of International Cooperation in Outer Space – International Legal Forms of Cooperation of States in Exploration and Use of Outer Space, defended Lincoln, May 2016
  • T. Gangale, The Definition and Delimitation of Outer Space and Territorial Airspace in International Law, defended Lincoln, May 2017

 

Publications

Please note that wherever the titles are underlined, access to a PDF of the original article is freely and openly available by simple clicking.

  • Private Enterprise and Public Interest in the European ‘Spacescape’ – Towards Harmonized National Space Legislation for Private Space Activities in Europe (1998), Dissertation, xv + 311 + XCII pp.
  • The International Space Station – Commercial Utilisation from a European Legal Perspective (Ed. with M.M.T.A. Brus) (2006), xxix + 267 pp.
  • National Space Legislation in Europe – Issues of Authorisation of Private Space Activities in the Light of Developments in European Space Cooperation (Ed.) (2011), xxxii + 379 pp.
  • Space Law, Oxford Bibliographies Online (Ed. Tony Carty) (2012)
  • Handbook of Space Law (Ed. with F. Tronchetti) (2015), xxxvi + 1100 pp

 

Presentations, chairmanships and guest lectures

Presentations and chairmanships at international conferences, workshops and seminars: Malaga (1989); San José de Costa Rica (1990); Dresden (1990); Taipei (1991); Montreal (1991); Paris (1991); Washington (1992); Taipei (1992); Graz (1993); Bangkok (1994); Jerusalem (1994); Cologne (1995); Oslo (1995); Vilnius (1995); Delhi (1996); Rome (1997); Vienna (1997); Buenos Aires (1997); Torino (1997); Moscow (1997); Melbourne (1998); Brussels (1998); London (1999); Perugia (1999); Cosenza (1999); Oberpfaffenhofen (1999); Vienna (1999); Enschede (1999); Amsterdam (1999); Brussels (1999); Oegstgeest (1999); Shanghai (1999); Sevilla (2000); Geneva (2000); Hydra (2000); Madrid (2000); Berlin (2000); Moscow (2000); Leiden (2000); Ljubljana (2000); Brussels (2000); Amsterdam (2000); Rio de Janeiro (2000); Munich (2000); Singapore (2001); Darmstadt (2001); Vienna (2001); Cologne (2001); Brussels (2001); Toulouse (2001); Cancun (2001); London (2001); Nice (2001); Paris (2002); Brussels (2002); Delhi (2002); Copenhagen (2002); Brussels (2002); Moscow (2002); Rotterdam (2002); Utrecht (2002); New York (2002); Houston (2002); The Hague (2002); Toulouse (2002); Brussels (2002); Paris (2003); Vienna (2003); Graz (2003); Macerata (2003); Noordwijk (2003); Bremen (2003); Daejon (2003); Seosan City (2003); Berlin (2004); Paris (2004); Leiden (2004); Beijing (2004); Seoul (2004); Vancouver (2004); Rio de Janeiro (2004); Brussels (2005); Paris (2005); Riyadh (2005); Bangalore (2005); Fukuoka (2005); Hanoi (2005); Seoul (2005); Abuja (2005); Paris (2006); Graz (2006); Lissabon (2006); Montreal (2006); Noordwijk (2006); Brussels (2006); Graz (2006); Valencia (2006); Kyiv (2006); Lincoln (2007); Washington (2007); Genoa (2007), Paris (2007), Strasbourg (2007); Berlin (2007); Hyderabad (2007); Vienna (2007); Teheran (2007); Vienna (2008); Cologne (2008); Vienna (2008); Guanacaste (2008); Los Angeles (2008); Glasgow (2008); Omaha (2008); Washington (2008); Washington (2008); Paris (2008); Lincoln (2008); Los Angeles (2008); Glasgow (2008); Omaha (2008); Washington (2008); Washington (2008); Paris (2008); Lincoln (2009); Granada (2009); Paris (2009); Vienna (2009); Daejeon (2009); Seoul (2009); New York [by telecon] (2009); Omaha (2009); Mexico City (2009); Washington (2009); Paris (2010); Vienna (2010); The Hague (2010); Lincoln (2010); Washington [by Skype] (2010); Prague (2010); Chicheley Hall (2010); Omaha [by Skype] (2010); Washington (2011); Paris (2011); Lincoln (2011); Bucharest (2011); Arcachon (2011); Cape Town (2011); Omaha (2011); Tokyo (2012); Paris (2012); Vienna (2012); Lincoln (2012); Amsterdam (2012); Napoli (2012); Washington (2012); New York (2012); Buenos Aires (2012); Brussels (2012); Carmen del Playa [by Skype] (2013); Paris (2013); Geneva (2013); Washington (2013); Lincoln (2013); The Hague (2013); Beijing (2013); New York (2013); Washington (2013); Washington (2014); Washington (2014); Omaha (2014); Paris (2014); Vienna (2014); Lincoln [by AdobeConnect] (2014); Luxembourg (2014); Toronto (2014): The Hague (2014); Mountain View [by AdobeConnect] (2015); Manchester (2015); Lincoln (2015)(2 x); Luxembourg (2015); Vienna (2015); Jerusalem (2015); Washington (2015); New York (2015); Sarasota (2015); Abu Dhabi (2016); Paris (2016); Lincoln (2016)(4x); Zeist (2016); Luxembourg (2016); Guadalajara (2016); Washington (2016); Vienna (2016); Vienna (2017); East Lansing (2017); Sharjah (2017); Paris (2017); Graz [by Skype] (2017); Washington (2017); Adelaide (2017).

Guest lectures at foreign universities or other academic institutions: Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (1991, 1995); Research Group on Space Utilization and Space Policy, Tokyo (1991); Indonesian Centre for Air and Space Law, Bandung (1991); National Institute of Public Administration, Kuala Lumpur (1991); University of Messina (1992); Universidad de Granada (1994); Università degli Studi, Padua (1995, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006, 2007); University of Aberdeen (1995); University of Lapland, Rovaniemi (1997); Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest (1998); Université de Genève (1999); Universidad de Vale do Paraiba (UNIVAP), São José dos Campos (2000); Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis (2001); University of Miami (2001); Université de La Rochelle (2002); Universität Köln (2003); Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (2003); University of Mississippi [over the Internet from Daejon] (2003); Karl-Franzens Universität Graz (2004); Brazilian Society for Air and Space Law, Rio de Janeiro (2004); Universidad Nova de Lisboã (2005); Universitá di Perugia (2005); Technische Universität Braunschweig (2006); University of Nebraska-Lincoln (2007); Università degli Studi, Genova (2008); Creighton University, Omaha (2009, 2010, 2011); Universiteit van de Nederlandse Antillen (2009); Korea Aerospace University (2009); Beihang University, Beijing (2010); Northwestern University, Chicago (2011); University of Tokyo (2012); University of Wisconsin-Madison (2012); Pontificia Universidad Catolica Argentina, Buenos Aires (2012); Xi’an Jiaotong University (2013); Université de Luxembourg (2013); Doane College, Crete (2014); University of Houston Law Center [over Skype from Leiden] (2014); Universitá ‘La Sapienza’, Rome (2015); Munich Aerospace Summer School, Herrsching (2015); Lazarski University, Warsaw (2016); Technical University Delft (2016).

Guest lectures at Dutch institutions: Institute of Social Studies (ISS) (1987, 1988); Rijksopleidings Instituut Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken (1988); Instituut Clingendael (1993-1999); Instituut Defensie Leergangen (IDL) (1994-1998); University of Amsterdam (1996, 1997); Netherlands Industrial Space Organisation (NISO) (1996); Netherlands Aerospace Group (NAG) (1996); Association des Etats Généraux des Etudiants de l’Europe (AEGEE) (1997); Rotarians Leiden (1998); Maastricht School of Management (MSM) (1998, 1999); Netherlands’ Aviation Academy (NAA)(1999); NewKnowledgeClub Rotterdam (2003); Kennisfestival Zuid-Holland (2003); Technical University Delft (2004, 2005, 2006, 2007); ESTEC Noordwijk (2006); Rijksmuseum (2006); Leids Juristen Genootschap (2008); Rotarians The Hague (2008); Leiden University (2008); Leids Juristen Genootschap (2008); Rotarians The Hague (2008); People’s Astronomical Observatory Bussloo (2016).

Various lectures for student debating societies

 

Editing activities

  • Member Editorial Staff, Leiden Journal of International Law, 1987-1996
  • Member International Editorial Board, Space Policy, 2004-onwards
  • Contributing Editor, European Journal of Navigation, 2005-2006
  • Series Editor, Studies in Space Law, 2006-onwards
  • Editor, The Implications of the CEC Green Paper on Satellite Communications in Europe, Proceedings of the First Dutch NPOC/ECSL Workshop, Noordwijk (1991)
  • Assistant-editor, Air and Space Law: De Lege Ferenda, Essays in honour of Henri A. Wassenbergh (1992)
  • Editor, New Opportunities for Cooperation in European Space Activities, Proceedings of the Second Dutch NPOC/ECSL Workshop, Noordwijk (1993)
  • Editor, Recent Developments in the Field of Protection and Distribution of Remote Sensing Data, Proceedings of the Third Dutch NPOC/ECSL Workshop, Noordwijk (1994)
  • Co-editor, Regulation of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), Proceedings of the Conference on Regulation of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), Noordwijk (1997)
  • Co-editor, Deregulation and Regulation of the European ‘Airscape’, Proceedings of the Seminar on Deregulation and Regulation of the European ‘Airscape’, Frankfurt (1997)
  • Editor, The International Space Station – Commercial Utilisation From A European Legal Perspective, Leiden (2006) (Co-editor: M.M.T.A. Brus)
  • Editor, National Space Legislation in Europe – Issues of Authorisation of Private Space Activities in the Light of Developments in European Space Cooperation, Leiden (2011)
  • Editor, Space Law, Oxford Bibliographies Online, Oxford (2012)
  • Editor, Handbook of Space Law, Cheltenham/Northampton (2015)

 

Organisation of conferences and workshops

  • Presentation of the First Issue of the Leiden Journal of International Law by Mr. M. van der Stoel, Leiden (1988)
  • First Dutch NPOC/ECSL Workshop, on “The Implications of the CEC Green Paper on Satellite Communications in Europe”, Noordwijk (1991)
  • International Conference on the Law, Policy, and Commerce of International Air Transport and Space Activities, on “The Highways of Air and Outer Space Over Asia”, Taipei (1991)
  • Second Dutch NPOC/ECSL Workshop, on “New Opportunities for Cooperation in European Space Activities”, Noordwijk (1993)
  • Third Dutch NPOC/ECSL Workshop, on “Recent Developments in the Field of Protection and Distribution of Remote Sensing Data”, Noordwijk (1994)
  • Fourth Dutch NPOC/ECSL Workshop, on “The Need for Regulation of Private National Space Activities”, Noordwijk (1995)
  • Seminar on “Deregulation and Regulation of the European ‘Airscape’”, in co-operation with the Europäische Rechtsakademie (ERA, Trier), Frankfurt (1996)
  • Fifth “ECSL Summer Course on Space Law and Policy”, in co-operation with the European Centre for Space Law (ECSL, Paris), Leiden (1996)
  • Conference on “Regulation of Global Navigation Satellite Systems”, in co-operation with the European Commission, ESA/ESTEC and Eurocontrol, Noordwijk (1996)
  • Conference on “Air and Space Law”, in co-operation with the Asociación Latino Americana de Derecho Aeronáutica y Espacial (ALADA), Buenos Aires (1997)
  • Meeting Attorneys Commenting on Aviation Working Group, on the forthcoming UNIDROIT draft convention on securities and mobile assets and the aviation protocol, Leiden (2000)
  • EOPOLE Workshop, on “Legal and New Opportunities Issues [regarding earth observation data policy issues in Europe]”, Leiden (2000)
  • Session IBA Conference, on “Global Navigation Satellite Systems: new challenges and opportunities” , Amsterdam (2000)
  • Post-Academic Seminar, on “Financing of, and securities in aircraft and satellites”, Leiden (2000)
  • Session IBA Conference, on “UNIDROIT’s draft convention on international interests in mobile equipment” , Cancun (2001)
  • First UN/IIASL Workshop on Space Law Capacity Building, The Hague (2002)
  • ECSL Practitioners’ Forum on Galileo, Legal and Institutional Aspects, Paris (2003)
  • IISL/ECSL Symposium on Reinforcing the Registration Convention, Vienna (2003)
  • Second UN Workshop on Space Law Capacity Building, Daejon (2003)
  • ECSL Practitioners’ Forum on New Developments in Earth Observation and Data Policy, Paris (2004)
  • Symposium on Legal Aspects of Commercial Utilisation of the International Space Station (ISS) – A Dutch Example, Noordwijk (2004)
  • IISL/ECSL Symposium on New developments and the legal framework covering the exploitation of the resources of the moon, Vienna (2004)
  • ECSL Practitioners’ Forum on New Developments in (Satellite) Communications, Paris (2005)
  • Second Asian Space Conference, Hanoi (2005)
  • ECSL Practitioners’ Forum on Space Tourism – Legal and Policy Aspects, Paris (2006)
  • ECSL Practitioners’ Forum on Recent developments within the European space industry: legal aspects, Paris (2007)
  • ECSL Practitioners’ Forum on National space legislation in Europe – Issues of authorisation in the light of developments in European space cooperation, Paris (2008)
  • Conference on Near-Earth Objects: Risks, Responses and Opportunities – Legal Aspects, Lincoln (2009)
  • ECSL Practitioners’ Forum on Galileo: Current Legal Issues, Paris (2010)
  • ISPRS/ESPI/IAA/IISL Conference “Current legal issues for satellite Earth observation”, Vienna (2010)
  • Conference on Space Security and Space Tourism: Challenges to and Transatlantic Perspectives on Governance, Lincoln (2010)
  • ISPRS Technical Committee VIII Symposium, Policy session, Kyoto (2010)
  • ECSL Practitioners’ Forum on Manned Spaceflight Safety Issues: Legal & Policy Aspects, Paris (2011)
  • 5th Annual Space Law Conference, Lincoln (2011)
  • 2nd IAA Planetary Defence Conference, Bucharest (2011)
  • ECSL Practitioners’ Forum on Insurance of space activities from the cradle to the grave – Legal Aspects, Paris (2012)
  • 6th Annual Space Law Conference, Lincoln (2012)
  • ECSL Practitioners’ Forum on Registration of Satellites – Legal Aspects and Practice, Paris (2013)
  • 7th Annual Space Law Conference, Lincoln (2013)
  • ECSL Practitioners’ Forum on Recent Developments in Export Control Regulations on Space Technology, Paris (2014)
  • International Conference on Space (ICS-2014), SUPARCO, Islamabad (2014)
  • ECSL Practitioners’ Forum on Space Governance in Europe: Regulation of Space Activities, Paris (2015)
  • ECSL Young Lawyers’ Symposium on the Legal Framework for Space Activities – Encouraging or Favouring Industrial Investment, Paris (2016)
  • ECSL Practitioners’ Forum on the Exploitation of Natural Resources in Outer Space, Paris (2016)
  • ECSL Practitioners’ Forum on Legal and Regulatory Aspects of Small Satellites, Paris (2017)
  • ECSL Young Lawyers’ Symposium on the ‘Moon Village’ and Legal Aspects of Space Exploration, Law and NewSpace, and International Governance and Space, Paris (2017)

 

Other activities connected with profession

  • Author (with Prof. Dr. P.H. Kooijmans) of a report for the Commissioner of External Relations, Commission of the European Communities, on “The European Communities and the Unification of Germany”, 1990
  • Author (with Prof. Dr. P.H. Kooijmans) of a report for the Commissioner of External Relations, Commission of the European Communities, on “The European Communities and the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe”, 1990
  • Author of a report for the Commission of the European Communities, Commissioner of External Relations, on “The European Communities and the Intergovernmental Conference(s)”, 1990
  • Founder and Co-ordinator Netherlands’ National Point of Contact, European Centre for Space Law, 1990-onwards
  • Member of the National Contact Group ITU-regulatory affairs (NCGI), Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management of The Netherlands, 1994-2000
  • Board Member, European Centre for Space Law (ECSL), Paris, 1997-onwards
  • Member for the Netherlands, Committee on Space Law, International Law Association (ILA), London, 1997-onwards
  • Legal Adviser to the Dutch Government on United Nations space law and policy issues, 1997-onwards
  • Rapporteur Working Group on Legal/Institutional Issues Regarding GNSS, Commission of the European Union, 1998
  • Legal Adviser to the OECD Megascience Forum on radio astronomy-related legal and policy issues, 1998-1999
  • Legal Expert, European Community Concerted Action project on earth observation data policy in Europe (EOPOLE), University College of London, London, 1998-2000
  • Legal Adviser to the German space agency (DLR) on national space legislation, 1999
  • Member, International Policy Advisory Committee (IPAC), International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS), 1999-onwards
  • Director and Treasurer, International Institute of Space Law (IISL), Paris, 2000-onwards
  • Member, Working Group on Legal Issues regarding GALILEO, Commission of the European Union, 2000-2001
  • Legal Task Manager, European Union Project GALILEI, Commission of the European Union, 2001-2003
  • Legal Adviser to the Dutch government on national space legislation, 2001-onwards
  • Legal Adviser to the Organisation on Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on commercialisation and privatisation of space activities, 2002-onwards
  • Member of the Dutch Delegation, Legal Subcommittee, UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, Vienna, 2003
  • ECSL Observer, First Governmental Session on the UNIDROIT Space Assets Protocol, Rome, 2003
  • Legal Expert, Project for a European Radio Navigation Plan (ERNP), Commission of the European Union, 2003-2004
  • Legal Expert, Advantis Project for a Centralised Guaranteed Integrity Localisation Service, Commission of the European Union, 2004
  • Legal Expert, GMES Organisation and System Integration Scenarios, Commission of the European Union, 2005-2006
  • Legal Expert, GIANT Project (GNSS introduction into the aviation sector), Galileo Joint Undertaking, 2005-2007
  • Legal Expert, GRAIL Project (GNSS introduction into the rail sector), Galileo Joint Undertaking, 2005-2007
  • Legal Expert, AGILE Project (GNSS introduction into the Location-Based Services markets), Galileo Joint Undertaking, 2005-2007
  • Member of the Advisory Board, Project on Satellite monitoring as a legal compliance tool in the environmental sector, University College of London (UCL), London, 2005-2008
  • Legal Expert, HARMLESS Project (GNSS introduction into humanitarian aid, emergency management and law enforcement user applications), Galileo Joint Undertaking, 2006-2007
  • Legal Expert, Impact Assessment Relating to the Economic and Governance Evolution of Space in Europe, Risk & Policy Analysis, 2006-2007
  • Legal Expert, Project on GMES Payload Data Ground Segment Security, Logica, 2008-2009
  • Member of the Panel on Near-Earth Objects with respect to the Study on legal aspects of international responsive action against Near-Earth Objects (NEOs), Association of Space Explorers (ASE), 2008-2009
  • Member of the EU Expert group on GNSS liability, European Commission/Roland Berger, 2009
  • Member of the Advisory Board, Project on Smart Enforcement in Environmental Legal Systems: A Socio-Legal Analysis of Regulatory Satellite Monitoring in Australia, Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)/University College of London (UCL), 2009-2010
  • Legal Expert, Advisory Group on optional rules for arbitration of disputes relating to Outer Space, Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), 2009-2011
  • Legal Expert on GNSS-based tracing and tracking for the transport of dangerous goods, European Commission/VVA, 2010-2011
  • Legal Expert on the Legal Framework for Space Activities within Europe, European Commission, 2012
  • Legal Expert, Detection, Evaluation and Characterisation of Threats to Road Applications, European GNSS Supervisory Authority (GSA)/Nottingham Scientific Limited (NSL), 2012-2013
  • Legal Advisor on the Curacao Aerospace Ordinance, Government of Curacao, 2012-2013
  • Legal Expert, Caribbean Large Maritime Ecosystem Data Policy, UNESCO/P. Geerders Consultancy, 2012-2013
  • Ethics Evaluator, FP7 Space Program, European Commission, 2013-2015Legal Advisor on European export control environment, Excalibur/Government of Japan, 2014
  • Legal Expert, Benchmarking National Space Laws Europe & North America, Euroconsult/Government of Japan, 2015
  • Legal Advisor, Emergency Asteroid Deflection Project; Task Force Humanity, 2015
  • Senior Advisor on Space Law and Policy with the United Arab Emirates Space Agency; A.T. Kearney, 2015-2017
  • Advisor on Space Resource Mining Issues to the Luxembourg Government; University of Luxembourg, 2015-2016
  • Member, Ad hoc legal working group Space Missions Planning and Advisory Group, representing the Association of Space Explorers (ASE), 2016-2017
  • Newspaper, magazine, radio, television and Internet interviews (Netherlands, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States a.o.) (pdfs/mp4s available on request).

 

Memberships

  • Netherlands ’ Society for International Law (NVIR), The Hague
  • International Law Association (ILA), London
  • European Centre for Space Law (ECSL), Paris (Board Member)
  • International Institute of Space Law (IISL) of the International Astronautical Federation (IAF), Paris (Director and Treasurer)
  • American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), Washington (Senior Member)
  • Centro de Investigacion y Difusion Aeronautico-Espacial (CIDA-E), Montevideo (Corresponding Member)
  • International Bar Association (IBA), Section on Business Law (SBL), London
  • International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), Paris
  • European Space Sciences Committee (ESSC) of the European Science Foundation (ESF), Strasbourg
  • European Space Policy Research and Academic Network (ESPRAN) of the European Space Policy Institute (ESPI), Vienna